Home >>

Common Ailments of the Excretory System (Part 2)


The ailments discussed in this article are those that affect the kidneys, bladder, spleen and lymph nodes. Some people pass out urine very frequently but others do not. Some people experience abdominal pain while doing so. Frequent or infrequent passing out of urine which is often accompanied by abdominal pain are symptoms that something is wrong somewhere in the urinary tract. Common ailments that affect the excretory system, most of these are centered in the kidneys and bladder.



The ailments discussed in this article are those that affect the kidneys, bladder, spleen and lymph nodes. Some people pass out urine very frequently but others do not. Some people experience abdominal pain while doing so. Frequent or infrequent passing out of urine which is often accompanied by abdominal pain are symptoms that something is wrong somewhere in the urinary tract. Common ailments that affect the excretory system, most of these are centered in the kidneys and bladder.

Kidney failure . Kidney failure, or renal failure, is the inability of the kidney to filter waste products from the blood and excrete them with the urine. This may caused by (1) infection or inflammation of the kidney, or obstruction in the upper urinary tract (2) obstruction of the lower urinary tract and (3) diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, and exposure to poisonous chemicals. The signs and symptoms of kidney failure are swelling of the body, excess urea in the blood, and a decrease in red blood cells. People with kidney failure have to undergo dialysis. If only one kidney is affected, it can be removed. The patient can still live well only one kidney. A kidney transplant can also be done if necessary and when a compatible kidney is available.

Kidney cancer . Children under four years old can have wilms tumor, a kind of cancer that grows rapidly. It is often felt as a small lump in the abdomen and can spread to the lungs, liver and brain. The most common symptom of this disease is abdominal pain. If the disease is detected and treatment is started early, the patient has a greater change of recovery. Kidney cancer in adults, especially men, is caused by smoking and intake of large quantities of analgesics over the course of many years. The common symptom is difficulty and pain in urinating. Early detection and proper treatment may help the patient get well.

Disorders of the spleen and lymph nodes . The spleen may become enlarged in some persons who have infectious diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid fever, or when a tumor develops in the spleen. A hard blow to the abdomen may rupture the spleen and caused severe bleeding. When this happens, the spleen is removed through an operation. Lymphoma is a collective term for cancer of lymphoid tissues (mainly the lymph nodes and spleen). The caused is usually unknown. The most common symptom of lymphoma is painless enlargement of lymph nodes, especially those in the neck, armpits and the groin, and that of the spleen. When the cancer cells invade other organs, the body's immune system may be impaired and other signs and symptoms appear. Diagnosis is based on biopsy (removal of a sample of the affected tissue), CT scan and chest X ray. Treatment can be by radiation therapy or by chemotherapy with anti cancer drugs.


note: originally posted at Exposeknowledge.com under the same author.

POSTED BY joeldgreat On 2011-04-29
Add new comment Report Article

More Articles Specially Recommended for You:

How to Check a Plagiarized Content

This is a very simple way on how to check if your article is plagiarized or copied by other person. A good way to check if other's work is p

Written By : joeldgreat
How to Cope Stress with Vitamin C

Everyday life can be tiring, physically as well as emotionally. Physical stress is common among those who do hard work for long periods. Vitamin

Written By : joeldgreat
Understanding the Difference between Computer Software and Hardware Technicians

My simple tips on how to distinguish a Software technician and Hardware technician. One can also read which of the two jobs best suited for you.

Written By : joeldgreat
How to Survive the College Life

College life can be tough. Here is some of my tips on how to survive it.

Written By : joeldgreat
How Does a Radar Works

Explaining the concepts behind the radar system and how it forecasts weather. Long ago, people tried to make weather forecasts based on folklore

Written By : joeldgreat
Urban Exploration: trespassing or adventure - the stuff you really should know before you urbex

What is Urban Exploration? Urban Exploration or 'Urbexing' is, put simply, an interest in deserted, abandoned and derelict

Written By :10prestoncourt
Sourcing Raffle Prizes and Auction Lots

Holding a raffle or auction is a great way to raise funds for your cause. However, you need to go about it in the right way. Who t

Written By :10prestoncourt
Event Publicity tried and tested ways to reach the right audience

You don't need to spend lots of money to publicize your event, you just need to follow some tried and tested methods. Establish

Written By :10prestoncourt
How to create eye-catching event flyers

In a world where we are bombarded with information everywhere we go, it is very easy to overlook a neatly typed up event poster. 

Written By :10prestoncourt
Howtoee Review

Howtoee is a new revenue sharing site. It currently pays $5 per article and gives 100% revenue from Google Adsense. The site looks clean but I a

Written By :11tatic
Please Login or Sign up to Comment on the Post

COMMENTS