Food preservation is the process of keeping food from spoiling for a period of time. In doing so, it becomes available for use in the near future. Food preservation is important because it provides the family foods for the rainy days, it minimizes wastage when foods are in season and in abundance, and it can be a source of income.Foods are preserved usually include fruits, vegetables, meat, fish and poultry. Food preservation is important for the following reasons:
1. There is food stored for the family during the rainy days.
2. It minimizes the wastage of harvested fruits and vegetables when inseason.
3. It is a profitable way of earning additional income for the family.
4. It can be a good product for a cottage industry.
5. As an industry, it promotes economic growth for the community.
Today, man has learned various methods of preserving food. The latest method is canning . This is a process where food is placed in sterilized sealed containers and once open becomes ready to be cooked or be eaten. Many canned goods can be bought in groceries and supermarkets. They are available not only in the city but even in the remote rural areas. Convenience food in the form of instant food, ready-to-mix, ready-to-cook, and ready-to-eat items has made like easier for all of us. Many of these preserves food are canned in tin cans, in bottles, in plastics, and in thick cartons lined with foils. From meat to fish to fruits and vegetables and many snack items, packaging has become an indispensable part in preserving the quality of the food.
Guides in Choosing Quality Food for Preservation . The success in food preservation depends largely on the quality of ingredients to be used. Good quality ingredients means choosing the right kind and right quality needed for a particular recipe. Below are some guides in choosing good quality fruits and vegetables.
1. They should be fresh, of bright color, firm, smooth with no wrinkles.
2. They should be of uniform size and shape.
3. They must be of the right degree of maturity needed for a particular recipe.
4. There must be no black or brown spots, bruises, and blemishes.
5. As much as possible, choose those which are in season. Besides being fresh and abundant, they areusually cheaper.
6. They must have a fragrant smell or aroma characteristic of the fruit.
Guides in Choosing Good Quality Fresh Pork . The skin must have the stamp of the Bureau of Animal Industry. The skin must be well-shaven without traces of hairs. The color of the skin is pinkish white and finely porous. It should not have undesirable odor. The meat must be fresh, young, and tender. The meat is firm and fine-grained. The fat is well-distributed in the muscles. The thickness of skin should not be more than 2mm thick.
Guides in Choosing Good Quality Fresh Fish . It should be fresh with a slightly seaweed odor. The body is firm and the scales are tight and shiny. The eyes are clear and bright. The gills are bright red in color. The fish should be of desirable size.
How to Store Fresh Foods . Proper storage helps maintain the good quality of fresh foods. It is important to know and practice the correct ways of storing different foods. Here are rules to follow in the proper storage of fresh foods,
Fruits for dessert like ripe banana, papaya, mango, and others should be washed and placed on the fruit tray. Allow fruits to ripen at room temperature. Fruit vegetable like unripe papaya, squash, and others are placed in trays or baskets at room temperature. Slices are placed at the vegetable crisper of the refrigerator.
Root crops, onions, garlic, potatoes are stored in baskets or trays. The basket can be hanged. Or trays maybe slotted to allow ventilation. Fresh foods like pork, beef, fish, chicken, and seafood are washed then wrapped individually in plastic bags or stored in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator. Eggs are placed in the egg compartment of the refrigerator with the pointed side. Butter and diaries are also placed on the door compartment of the refrigerator.
note: originally posted at Exposeknowledge.com under the same author.